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NEPSNet Week in Review - Mar 31

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2000-04-04 00:05
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NORTHEAST ASIA PEACE AND SECURITY NETWORK
***** WEEK IN REVIEW *****

March 31, 2000

The NAPSNet Week in Review highlights the major issues of the preceding
week, providing links to relevant items in the Daily Report, Special
Reports, the Nuclear Policy Project Weekly Flash
(http://www.nautilus.org/nukepolicy/index.html) and the South Asian
Nuclear Dialogue (http://www.nautilus.org/sand/index.html). The Week in
Review also includes links to other relevant sources of analysis. A web
version is available at:
http://nautilus.org/napsnet/index.html

Send any comments to the NAPSNet Coordinator at:
napsnet@nautilus.org

-------------------------------
In this Report:
*Korean Peninsula
1. DPRK-PRC Relations
2. DPRK-Italy Relations
3. Japan-DPRK Talks
4. DPRK High-Level Visit to US
5. ROK-DPRK Talks
6. DPRK Participation in International Organizations
7. DPRK-Australia Relations
8. ROK-Japan-US Policy Coordination
9. DPRK Defectors
*People's Republic of China
10. US-PRC Talks
11. PRC Threat to Taiwan
12. Cross-Straits Relations
13. PRC-Russian Relations
14. PRC-India Relations
*South Asia
15. Clinton's South Asia Trip
16. South Asian Nuclear Arsenals

** Korean Peninsula

1. DPRK-PRC Relations

The Joongang Ilbo reported that the DPRK sent a message to the PRC
requesting that a top official--either President Jiang Zemin, Premier Zhu
Rongji, or Li Peng--visit the DPRK.

"DPRK-PRC Relations" (Daily Report, March 31, ROK)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR31.html#item6

2. DPRK-Italy Relations

Italian Foreign Minister Lamberto Dini visited the DPRK this week and
held talks with high-level officials. Dini invited DPRK Foreign Minister
Paek Nam-sun to visit Italy, and Paek accepted the offer.

"DPRK-Italy Relations" (Daily Report, March 31, ROK)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR31.html#item7
"Italy-DPRK Talks" (Daily Report, March 30, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR30.html#item1
"DPRK-Italy Relations" (Daily Report, March 30, ROK)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR30.html#item12
"Italy-DPRK Relations" (Daily Report, March 28, ROK)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR28.html#item11
"Italy-DPRK Relations" (Daily Report, March 27, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR27.html#item2

3. Japan-DPRK Talks

Kojiro Takano, Japanese envoy for negotiations with the DPRK, said that
he will urge the DPRK to resume dialogue with the ROK when he meets with
his DPRK counterparts next week. He warned that rapid progress should
not be expected in the talks. The DPRK said that Japan must atone for
its colonization of Korea before normalization of relations can be
achieved.

"Japan-DPRK Talks" (Daily Report, March 31, Japan)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR31.html#item12
"Japan-DPRK Talks" (Daily Report, March 30, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR30.html#item2
"Japan-DPRK Talks" (Daily Report, March 27, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR27.html#item1

4. DPRK High-Level Visit to US

The DPRK said that it would not send a high-level delegation to the US
unless the US removes it from the list of nations sponsoring terrorism.

"DPRK High-Level US Visit" (Daily Report, March 29, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR29.html#item1
"DPRK High-Level Visit to US" (Daily Report, March 28, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR28.html#item1

5. ROK-DPRK Talks

Former US State Department official Kenneth Quinones, recently returned
from a trip to the DPRK, said that the DPRK's response to ROK President
Kim Dae-jung's proposal for inter-Korean talks was "generally positive."
ROK officials said they expect the DPRK to eventually agree to the talks.

"DPRK-ROK Talks" (Daily Report, March 28, ROK)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR28.html#item9

6. DPRK Participation in International Organizations

The ROK Foreign Affairs and Trade Ministry said that Kim Young-nam,
chairman of the standing committee of the DPRK Supreme People's Assembly,
is expected to attend the upcoming meeting of the Group of 77 developing
nations in Havana, Cuba. ROK President Kim Dae-jung called on the Asia-
Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) to admit the DPRK as a "guest
member."

"DPRK Participation in International Summit" (Daily Report, March 31,
ROK)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR31.html#item8
"DPRK Diplomacy" (Daily Report, March 31, Japan)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR31.html#item13
"DPRK Participation in APEC" (Daily Report, March 31, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR31.html#item1

7. DPRK-Australia Relations

Professor James Cotton of the Australia Defence Force Academy reviews the
recent developments in DPRK-Australia relations and prospects for the
future as part of the ongoing Policy Forum Online, "Engaging North
Korea."

"A New Initiative in Australia-DPRK Relations" (Policy Forum Online #00-
02D)
http://www.nautilus.org/fora/security/0002D_Cotton.html

8. ROK-Japan-US Policy Coordination

Senior officials from the US, ROK, and Japan met in Tokyo this week to
discuss policy toward the DPRK. Earlier, Japanese Foreign Minister Yohei
Kono held talks with ROK President Kim Dae-jung in Seoul. An editorial
in the Asia Wall St. Journal argued that engagement only serves to
prolong the DPRK regime.

"US-ROK-Japan Policy Coordination" (Daily Report, March 20, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR30.html#item3
"Japanese-ROK Talks" (Daily Report, March 31, Japan)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR31.html#item14
"ROK-Japan Talks" (Daily Report, March 28, ROK)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR28.html#item12
"ROK-Japan Talks" (Daily Report, March 27, ROK)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR27.html#item6

9. DPRK Defectors

The ROK Foreign Ministry announced that it will start referring to DPRK
citizens in hiding in the PRC and Russia as "refugees," and will seek
protection for them under international law.

"DPRK Defectors" (Daily Report, March 31, ROK)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR31.html#item11

** People's Republic of China

10. US-PRC Talks

US National Security Adviser Samuel R. Berger completed two days of talks
with PRC officials in Beijing on March 30. Both sides described the
talks as positive, and said that they had contributed to putting US-PRC
relations back on track.

"US-PRC Talks" (Daily Report, March 31, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR31.html#item3
"US-PRC Talks" (Daily Report, March 30, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR30.html#item4
"PRC-US Talks" (Daily Report, March 30, PRC)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR30.html#item18
"US-PRC Talks" (Daily Report, March 29, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR29.html#item2
"US-PRC Relations" (Daily Report, March 28, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR28.html#item6

11. PRC Threat to Taiwan

According to the Washington Post, a new US Defense Department report says
that the PRC's military threat to Taiwan is greater than is generally
thought. The Washington Times quoted US intelligence officials as saying
that the PRC is deploying advanced air defense missiles across the strait
from Taiwan. Li Jiaquan, research fellow with the Institute of Taiwan
Studies at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said that "definitely
the current condition across the Taiwan Straits should not last for too
long."

"PRC Threat to Taiwan" (Daily Report, March 31, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR31.html#item2
"The Taiwan Issue" (Daily Report, March 30, PRC)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR30.html#item20
"PRC Missile Threat to Taiwan" (Daily Report, March 28, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR28.html#item3
"PRC Policy toward Taiwan" (Daily Report, March 28, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR28.html#item4

12. Cross-Straits Relations

Deputy chief of mission at the PRC Embassy in Washington Liu Xiaoming
said that the PRC government will not lift trade restrictions between the
PRC and Taiwan until Taiwan president-elect Chen Shui-bian accepts the
"one China" principle. Taiwan legislator Feng Hu-hsiang said that Chen
had sent "quite a few envoys" to the PRC, but were all turned away.

"Cross-Straits Trade Relations" (Daily Report, March 30, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR30.html#item6
"Cross-Straits Relations" (Daily Report, March 28, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR28.html#item2

13. PRC-Russian Relations

Russian Defense Minister Igor Sergeyev met with his PRC counterpart Chi
Haotian in Astana and promised him that there would be no major changes
in Russia's relations with the PRC following the victory of Vladimir
Putin in Russian presidential elections. The PRC, Russia, and three
Central Asian states agreed to increase military cooperation to fight
terrorism and Islamic separatism.

"PRC-Russian Relations" (Daily Report, March 30, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR30.html#item9
"PRC-Russian Relations" (Daily Report, March 30, PRC)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR30.html#item21
"Shanghai Five Meeting" (Daily Report, March 28, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR28.html#item7
"PRC-Russian Relations" (NPP Flash, V. 2, N. 11)
http://www.nautilus.org/nukepolicy/index.html#item22

14. PRC-India Relations

Indian President K.R. Narayanan will visit the PRC in May to attend
ceremonies marking the anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic
ties. Indian officials called for resolving the unsolved territorial
disputes between the two countries.

"PRC-India Border Dispute" (Daily Report, March 31, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR31.html#item5

** South Asia

15. Clinton's South Asia Trip

US President Bill Clinton concluded his trip to India, Pakistan, and
Bangladesh on March 26. Nautilus email services carried various analyses
of the trip.

"Special Report: The Clinton Visit" (South Asia Nuclear Dialogue)
http://www.nautilus.org/sand/Updates2000/Mar28.html
"US Policy toward South Asia" (NPP Flash, V. 2, N. 11)
http://www.nautilus.org/nukepolicy/Flash2000/v2n11.html#item17
"Clinton's South Asia Trip" (NPP Flash, V. 2, N. 11)
http://www.nautilus.org/nukepolicy/Flash2000/v2n11.html#item18

16. South Asian Nuclear Arsenals

Gregory Jones argued that despite their nuclear tests, India and Pakistan
are still a ways from being full-fledged nuclear powers. In particular,
he said that if they were to proceed with deployment, their forces would
not be capable of withstanding a first strike.

"South Asian Nuclear Weapons" (NPP Flash, V. 2, N. 11)
http://www.nautilus.org/nukepolicy/Flash2000/v2n11.html#item16

-----------------
The NAPSNet Week in Review aims to synthesize recent postings of
the various Nautilus email lists, as well as outside analysis. We
invite you to reply to today's report, and we welcome commentary
or papers for distribution to the network. Send news items,
discussion contributions, or other comments to:
napsnet@nautilus.org

Produced by the Nautilus Institute:

Timothy L. Savage, NAPSNet Coordinator
tsavage@nautilus.org

Wade Huntley, Security Program Director
whuntley@nautilus.org

Gee Gee Wong, Security Program Assistant
gwong@nautilus.org

Hans Kristensen, Security Program Associate
hkristensen@nautilus.org

Dave Stuligross, SANDNet Coordinator
dstuligross@nautilus.org