평화/화해

NEPSNet - 주간주요기사, Mar.24

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2000-03-29 00:04
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NORTHEAST ASIA PEACE AND SECURITY NETWORK
***** WEEK IN REVIEW *****

March 24, 2000

The NAPSNet Week in Review highlights the major issues of the preceding
week, providing links to relevant items in the Daily Report, Special
Reports, the Nuclear Policy Project Weekly Flash
(http://www.nautilus.org/nukepolicy/index.html) and the South Asian
Nuclear Dialogue (http://www.nautilus.org/sand/index.html). The Week in
Review also includes links to other relevant sources of analysis. A web
version is available at:
http://nautilus.org/napsnet/index.html

Send any comments to the NAPSNet Coordinator at:
napsnet@nautilus.org

-------------------------------
In this Report:
*Korean Peninsula
1. Northern Limit Line
2. Japan-DPRK Talks
3. ROK-DPRK Talks
4. Inter-Korean Railway
5. US Policy toward DPRK
6. PRC-DPRK Talks
*Taiwan Straits
7. Taiwan Election
8. PRC Policy toward Taiwan
9. PRC Threat to Taiwan
10. US Missile Sales to Taiwan
11. Taiwan Politics
*People's Republic of China
12. US Military Policy toward PRC
*South Asia
13. Clinton Trip to South Asia

** Korean Peninsula

1. Northern Limit Line

The DPRK announced that it had designated a navigation channel for five
islands it claimed in the Yellow Sea that are also claimed by the ROK.
The ROK warned that it would not tolerate any violations of the Northern
Limit Line by DPRK vessels.

"DPRK-ROK Territorial Dispute" (Daily Report, March 24, ROK)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR24.html#item8
"ROK-DPRK Territorial Dispute" (Daily Report, March 24, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR24.html#item1
"Northern Limit Line Dispute" (Daily Report, March 23, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR23.html#item2

2. Japan-DPRK Talks

Japanese Foreign Minister Yohei Kono announced on March 22 that the
Japanese and DPRK governments would resume normalization talks in
Pyongyang on April 4. Kono will visit Seoul prior to the meeting to
coordinate with ROK officials.

"Japanese-DPRK Relations" (Daily Report, March 24, Japan)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR24.html#item13
"DPRK-Japan Talks" (Daily Report, March 23, ROK)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR23.html#item9
"Japan-DPRK Normalization Talks" (Daily Report, March 21, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR21.html#item2
"Japanese Foreign Minister to Visit ROK" (Daily Report, March 23, ROK)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR23.html#item6

3. ROK-DPRK Talks

ROK President Kim Dae-jung said that he expects that an inter-Korean
dialogue will materialize in the not-too-distant future. The European
Union praised Kim's calls for dialogue.

"DPRK-ROK Talks" (Daily Report, March 24, ROK)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR24.html#item9
"Inter-Korean Summit" (Daily Report, March 23, ROK)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR23.html#item8
"EU on Berlin Proposal" (Daily Report, March 21, ROK)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR21.html#item7
"ROK-DPRK Relations" (Daily Report, March 21, ROK)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR21.html#item10

4. Inter-Korean Railway

ROK officials revealed that Russian Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov proposed
during his visit to the DPRK that the ROK and the DPRK build a railway
connecting the two countries into Siberia. ROK and Russian experts will
meet next week to discuss the proposal.

"Russia-DPRK Relations" (Daily Report, March 24, ROK)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR24.html#item10

5. US Policy toward DPRK

Ambassador Wendy R. Sherman, Counselor of the Department of State,
testified before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Subcommittee on
East Asian and Pacific Affairs, on US policy toward the DPRK. She said
that the US continues to pursue a "constructive dialogue" with the DPRK.
Mitchell Reiss, Dean of International Affairs and Director of the Wendy
and Emery Reves Center for International Studies, College of William &
Mary testified before the Committee on International Relations US House
of Representatives. Reiss discussed the "three myths" that currently
influence US policy toward the DPRK.

"US-DPRK Relations" (Daily Report, March 21, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR21.html#item1
"Reiss Congressional Testimony" (Special Report, March 22)
ftp://ftp.nautilus.org/napsnet/special_reports/Reiss_Congressional_Testim
ony.txt

6. PRC-DPRK Talks

PRC Foreign Ministry spokesman Sun Yuxi said that the PRC and the DPRK
are discussing a possible exchange of leaders' visits. The announcement
followed talks between PRC Foreign Minister Tang Jiaxuan and visiting
DPRK Foreign Minister Paek Nam-sum.

"PRC-DPRK Talks" (Daily Report, March 21, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR21.html#item3
"DPRK-PRC Relations" (Daily Report, March 21, ROK)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR21.html#item9
"DPRK-PRC Relations" (Daily Report, March 21, PRC)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR21.html#item21

** Taiwan Straits

7. Taiwan Election

The US sent former Congressman Lee Hamilton to Taiwan to meet with
President-elect Chen Shui-bian to discuss his policy toward the PRC.
Japan announced that it would not change its policy in the wake of Chen's
election. The Washington Post reported that pragmatists among the
Democratic Progressive Party were pushing for a softer stance toward the
PRC following their victory.

"US-Taiwan Relations" (Daily Report, March 24, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR24.html#item4
"Japan's Reaction to the Taiwan Election" (Daily Report, March 24, Japan)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR24.html#item14
"Cross-Strait Relations" (Daily Report, March 21, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR21.html#item5

The United States Information Agency released a digest of international
reaction to the Taiwan presidential election. Another Special Report
provides links to international reactions and official government
statements on the election.

"Repercussions of Taiwan's Election" (Special Report, March 23)
ftp://ftp.nautilus.org/napsnet/special_reports/Taiwan_Election.txt
"World Media on Taiwan Election" (Special Report, March 21)
ftp://ftp.nautilus.org/napsnet/special_reports/World_Media_on_Taiwan_Elec
tion.txt

8. PRC Policy toward Taiwan

PRC analysts said that the process of reunification could proceed slowly
and peacefully as long as the new Taiwan president adhered to the "one-
China" principle. PRC Vice Premier Qian Qichen said that Chen Shui-
bian's acceptance of that principle was a prerequisite for talks.

"Cross-Straits Relations" (Daily Report, March 24, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR24.html#item2

9. PRC Threat to Taiwan

Haowangjian, the official journal of the People's Liberation Army, said
that the PRC is prepared to resort to nuclear weapons if necessary to
keep the US from intervening in any attempt to unify with Taiwan by
force. Russian Vice Premier Ilya Klebanov said that the PRC is
interested in purchasing a number of Russian destroyers.

"PLA's Unification Scenario" (Daily Report, March 24, Japan)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR24.html#item16
"Cross-Strait Relations" (Daily Report, March 21, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR21.html#item5
"RF-PRC Arms Trade and Taiwan Defenses" (Daily Report, March 21, Russia)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR21.html#item29

10. US Missile Sales to Taiwan

US Republicans analysts said that it would not be wise for Taiwan to seek
more missile purchases from the US during this transition period.

"US Missile Sales to Taiwan" (Daily Report, March 24, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR24.html#item5

11. Taiwan Politics

Taiwan President Lee Teng-hui resigned as head of the Kuomintang or
Nationalist Party to take responsibility for the party's loss in the
presidential election.

"Taiwan Political Developments" (Daily Report, March 24, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR24.html#item5
"Political Change in Taiwan" (Daily Report, March 23, US)
http://www.nautilus.org/napsnet/dr/0003/MAR23.html#item5

** People's Republic of China

12. US Military Policy toward PRC

A report by a US Defense Department study group concluded that the PRC
will remain a competitor of the US. Nautilus Associate Hans M.
Kristensen writes that the role of the PRC in US strategic nuclear
planning has grown steadily during the 1990s.

"Pentagon Study Foresees Decade-Long Chinese Challenge" (NPP Flash, v 2,
n 10)
http://www.nautilus.org/nukepolicy/Flash2000/v2n10.html#item3
"U.S. Strategic Nuclear Reform in the 1990s" (Working Paper)
http://www.nautilus.org/nukepolicy/USA/StratRef.html#start

** South Asia

13. Clinton Trip to South Asia

US President Bill Clinton, during his trip to South Asia, urged India to
sign the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. Indian Prime Minister A.B.
Vajpayee said that the treaty would not be signed during Clinton's visit.
The two leaders pledged that they would forgo further nuclear tests and
work together with others for an early commencement of negotiations on a
treaty for the production of fissile materials.

"India: Nuclear Issues" (South Asia Nuclear Dialogue, March 23)
http://www.nautilus.org/sand/Updates2000/Mar23.html#item2
"US-India Pledge Nuclear Arms Control"
http://www.nautilus.org/nukepolicy/Flash2000/v2n10.html#item11

-----------
The NAPSNet Week in Review aims to synthesize recent postings of
the various Nautilus email lists, as well as outside analysis. We
invite you to reply to today's report, and we welcome commentary
or papers for distribution to the network. Send news items,
discussion contributions, or other comments to:
napsnet@nautilus.org

Produced by the Nautilus Institute:

Timothy L. Savage, NAPSNet Coordinator
tsavage@nautilus.org

Wade Huntley, Security Program Director
whuntley@nautilus.org

Gee Gee Wong, Security Program Assistant
gwong@nautilus.org

Hans Kristensen, Security Program Associate
hkristensen@nautilus.org

Dave Stuligross, SANDNet Coordinator
dstuligross@nautilus.org